Pond/Aquatic PlantsPlants play a very important role in the ecological system of your pond, water garden or koi pond. They also play an essential role in maintaining a healthy and balanced pond. Plants help filter your water by converting fish waste into plant food. Plants also provide oxygen for your koi and protect them from predators with surface coverage. All water plants perform a necessary function while beautifying your pond, and they add real value to their environment. During the day pond plants breathe in carbon dioxide and release oxygen. In the evening, pond plants breathe in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Water garden pond plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. Plants use this carbon dioxide to produce energy or photosynthesis. All pond plants consume nitrogen chemicals, such as nitrates and phosphates that build up in the water. Let your water garden plants work for you to balance your pond environment. Plant foliage will absorb carbon dioxide and minerals from the water which will in turn, starve the algae. Pond plants are needed to prevent your pond water from looking green and murky, as algae will grow out of control without them. Removing nitrates can reduce weeds and algae so that they are less of a problem. Pond plants are necessary to achieve a quality water balance and provide surface coverage in your garden pond, and they will help create a beautiful pond appearance and give your water feature the finished look that you are striving for.
Pond plants fall into four basic groups: oxygenators, floaters, deep water aquatics, and bog/marginal plants. The health of your pond relies on the importance of each of these groups. Vite Greenhouses provide a wide range of pond plants for your water habitat.
Oxygenating Plants grow totally submerged and play a vital role in maintaining the pond's natural balance. These plants use waste nutrients and help purify the water, thus creating an environment that is unsuitable for algal growth. They also provide cover for protection and spawning grounds for pond fish. Submersed pond water plants are particularly good at oxygenating the pond water. Bubbles of oxygen can be observed coming from the leaves of these plants. It is best to include one bunch (these plants are sold by the 'bunch' or handful) for every two square feet of pond surface. Fewer bunches may be adequate once the natural balance is obtained. Grow a variety of species since each species grows at a different time of year and has different water depth requirements.
Floating Plants just float on the surface of the pond and donít need to be rooted in a planter. A variety of these plants are important to the natural balance of your garden pond. Floating Plants such as Water Hyacinths and Water Lettuce provide shade and cover for your pond. Floating aquatic plant foliage should cover approximately 60% of the pond surface area in order to achieve a good balance. Floating plants will keep the water cool in the summer and help keep algae away.
Deep Water Plants include Lotus and Water Lilies. They grow on the base of the pond and send up leaves and blooms to the surface. Depending on the variety, they may grow a couple of inches to a few feet below the surface of the water. They provide valuable leaf cover to help shade the water, which reduces algae growth. Fish love to hide under their leaves, too. Lilies do not do well with strong water movement or splashing water. Most species need full sun 10 hours a day for best blooms. A pond should have approximately one lily for every 5-10 square feet of pond surface.These pond plants will bloom incredibly when fertilized with adequate amounts of fish safe aquatic plant fertilizer. Water Lilies are available in hardy and tropical varieties. The hardy varities provide the first colors in spring and help keep the water balanced. The tropical varieties are great for fast growing, vivid colors that last a long time during the summer season.
Bog Plants and Marginals include well known species such as cattails, cannas, grasses and reeds. Marginal plants grow well in the shallower areas of your pond or water garden from two to twelve inches of water depending on size and type. It is helpful if a shelf is incorporated in the pond design to support them. Bog Plants do well in the moist conditions and boggy areas around the rim of the pond. Choose plants for around the pond to blend in with the garden pond and surroundings.